[Reseña] La Tempestad, William Shakespeare

Hola!! qué tal!? yo acá relajándome un rato porque entregué mi última presentación en la U así que espero que me haya ido bien para decir ¡¡por fin aprobé todos mis ramos!! xD jajaja así que dedos cruzados… 
Hoy traigo mi comentario sobre un libro de Shakespeare que descubrí gracias a otro libro. No tengo mucho dominio sobre las obras de teatro, no soy asidua lectura del teatro porque me cuesta entenderlo xD pero esta obra me ha gustado mucho.
Comenzamos…


Sinopsis (Goodreads):

Última obra teatral escrita en solitario por William Shakespeare (1564-1616), LA TEMPESTAD pertenece a la serie de piezas de este autor que funden el ámbito de lo real con lo mágico y lo maravilloso. La trama gira en torno a Próspero –duque y mago, quien, traicionado y depuesto, tiene que exiliarse, con su hija Miranda, en una isla desierta en la que pasará doce años– y su relación con el genio Ariel y el bestial Calibán, personajes todos que se cuentan entre las grandes creaciones del dramaturgo. El examen de la relación entre realidad y ficción –«estamos tejidos de idéntica tela que los sueños»–, así como entre el hombre y mago y las criaturas a las que libera, pero también somete, otorgan a «La tempestad» un lugar entre las obras más universales del autor inglés



Mi opinión:

No tengo mucha experiencia en la lectura de obras de teatro, ya en el colegio se me hacía dificilísimo leer las que me mandaban, aunque las terminaba pero me constaba mucho seguirles el hilo de la historia, tenía que volver atrás porque se me olvidaba quien era quién en la obra y casi siempre confundía los personajes y sus acciones. O sea un fiasco total xD 
Cuando quise comenzar esta obra fue en la lectura de Willow, ahí la protagonista se la nombra a Guy, su amigo especial 1313 :P, y debaten entre cuál es la mejor obra de Shakespeare. Él dice que es Macbeth pero ella insiste en que no porque La Tempestad es mejor. Aún no leo Macbeth para darles mi opinión, pero ya lo haré.

La Tempestad es una obra que habla sobre la traición, el amor y cómo es posible que este último sea capaz de unir a personas que se encontraban en disputa. La trama va sobre Próspero, ex duque de Milán que fue desterrado junto con su pequeña hija, debido a que su malvado, egoísta y cruel hermano, Antoniomaquina toda una historia para que el Rey de Nápoles, Alonso, los expulse del reino.

Próspero venía hace muchos años arrastrando el dolor de la traición de ambos, e idea finalmente un plan para que estos hombres se arrepientan de todo el mal que le provocaron y poder recuperar su ducado que fue usurpado por Antonio. Así es como vamos conociendo a los demás hombres que viajan en la flota real, tras el viaje que los llevó  Africa, luego de que Alonso entregara a su hija en matrimonio.

En escena también aparecen Miranda, hija de Próspero, y Fernando hijo de Alonso y futuro príncipe de Nápoles. Puedo decir que ambos son una especie de «títeres» de Próspero para lograr su cometido final, pero sin ninguna mala intención (sí, lo sé suena un poco extraño y enredado) me intentaré explicar mejor… Próspero tiene un plan para Miranda y Fernando, ¡¡¡Spoiler!!! él desea que ambos se enamoren y se produzca una unión que vendría a restaurar todos los malos entendidos, las traiciones y odios que se produjeron tiempo atrás. Bueno, como decía antes… ellos dos me robaron el corazón, aunque La Tempestad, no sea una obra romántica, lo poco que estuvieron juntos en escena este par me gustó, su amor era inocente independiente de lo que Próspero hubiera hecho para juntarlos. Fernando la amaba y Miranda jamás en su vida conoció a otro hombre aparte de su padre y cuando ve a Fernando cae en un enamoramiento completamente inocente y casto.

Lo repito La tempestad trata de la traición sin importar los lazos de sangre, hay algunos personajes, como Sebastián (hermano de Alonso) y Antonio que son brutales a la hora de pensar en qué hacer para hacerse con el reino. Una clara interpretación de la época en que vivió Shakespeare, pues la sucesiones al trono solían ser bastante crueles y casi siempre conllevaban una muerte sangrienta o misteriosa del anterior monarca. Así como las mismas disputas por el poder de aquellos que poseían un título nobiliario.

Definitivamente seguiré leyendo las obras de Shakespeare, y pienso en que quizás pruebe con las de algún otro autor. Eso sí, como prácticamente no tengo ni idea de obras de teatro me gustaría que me recomienden algunos escritores para ir probando. En el libro del cual saqué este, nombraban a Milton, autor que sólo he escuchado nombrar pero no he leído nada de él, así que probablemente sea uno de los que me aventure a leer.

219 opiniones en “[Reseña] La Tempestad, William Shakespeare”

  1. Si alguien sabe menos que vos de obras de teatro ese debo ser yo jaja, siempre quiero empezar pero no sé, yo de los que escuche que escriben obras de teatro, solo a Shakspeare y no conozco nada de sus obras jaja.

    Este parece interesante, las historias de traición me encantan, tal vez empiece con este ya que veo que tampoco es tan largo.
    Tienes un premio en mi blog, Saludos!

  2. Hola! n.n
    No he leído el libro, pero se lee interesante. Macbeth me llama.
    mmm y teatro he leído también poco, pero puedo recomendarte a Alejandro Casona tal vez te suenen "Prohibido suicidarse en primavera" o "Los árboles mueren de pie" ambos me encantaron y tienen muy bellos mensajes.
    Un saludote Angie!! =D

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Nous présenterons ainsi successivement les conditions liées au soignant (I), les exigences relatives à l’environnement où est réalisée la « roqya » (II). Nous aborderons ensuite la question de la gratuité de la prestation ou de sa contrepartie financière et enfin les conditions dans laquelle elle est réalisée (III). I- Les conditions liées au soignant Souvent la « roqya » est perçue comme une pratique dispensée par un tiers. Or, il est essentiel de rappeler et de souligner un fait important : la meilleure des « roqya » est celle que nous dispensons nous-mêmes à travers le « dhikr » et la récitation du Coran. Ainsi, pour se prémunir des maux liés au mauvais œil ou à la sorcellerie, il convient régulièrement de lire le Coran et faire des invocations notamment celles du matin et du coucher, de réciter régulièrement la sourate « La vache », de renouveler son intention, de placer la certitude dans son cœur, d’effectuer ses prières etc., et surtout de demander à Allah la meilleure des protections. Toutefois, dans certaines conditions, il est nécessaire de recourir à un soignant. C’est à ce stade qu’il convient d’être vigilant. Il ne suffit pas de se rendre auprès d’une personne qui se présente avec la qualité de cheikh ou d’imam pour accepter de lui confier cette pratique. Comme pour tout procédé et encore plus lorsque cela relève de considérations religieuses, il est important de bien choisir son soignant car ce dernier est tenu de posséder des qualités bien affirmées. La maîtrise du Coran et des traditions prophétiques en la matière est une condition sine qua none, mais insuffisante. La personne doit également avoir des notions de psychologie afin de déterminer la part de sorcellerie et celle de troubles psychologiques fréquents chez les patients. La personne doit posséder une bonne hygiène de vie, notamment spirituelle puisqu’il n’est pas inutile de rappeler que le succès de la « roqya » dépend de Dieu. Ces critères sont difficilement évaluables, surtout par une personne qui est affectée par un mal-être, quelle que soit sa source. C’est pourquoi les proches doivent accompagner la personne dans la recherche d’un soignant qualifié et reconnu comme tel par des référents religieux de la localité (imam, responsables associatifs, etc.). De manière générale, le soignant doit posséder des qualités déterminées que nous pouvons synthétiser de la manière suivante. Il doit : être en capacité de lire le Coran, croire avec certitude au Coran, être empreint de piété, connaître les pièges et les caractéristiques du diable et des djinns, connaître la méthode prophétique de la « roqya », disposer de connaissances de base en psychologie, avoir la conviction que le succès de sa thérapie dépend de Dieu. A l’exception de la première exigence, il semble difficile de vérifier les autres conditions dans le cadre d’un entretien téléphonique avec une personne que nous n’avons jamais rencontrée, même si elle se présente sous le titre de « cheikh » ou d’un imam. Par conséquent, ces conditions soulignent une première limite quant au recours à la « roqya » par téléphone. Par ailleurs, à l’instar de tout médecin, le soignant doit, avant de prodiguer des conseils ou une médication, procéder à une consultation. Ainsi, un environnement adéquat est indispensable pour la réalisation d’une « roqya ». Il est enfin inconcevable qu’un médecin puisse vous affirmer par téléphone connaître votre maladie et attester pouvoir vous guérir. Vous auriez plus que des doutes sur ce prétendu médecin. II- Un environnement propice et la réalisation d’une consultation préalable à la réalisation d’une « roqya » Il est intéressant de noter que, dans son ouvrage « Comment se protéger des djinns & satan », Wahîd ‘Abdussalâm Bâli évoque l’importance du climat pour réaliser une roqya[2]. Ainsi, il expose les points suivants : « 1. Préparer le climat adéquat en faisant par exemple sortir les images et les statues de la pièce où on va soigner le malade, pour permettre aux anges d’y entrer. 2. Débarrasser le sujet de tout ce qu’il peut porter sur lui comme talismans ou amulettes et les brûler. 3. Éteindre tout ce qui peut émettre le son de la musique et des chants. 4. Vider le lieu de tout ce qui comporte une infraction à la shari‘a à savoir, par exemple, la présence d’un homme qui porte de l’or ou une femme qui ne porte pas le voile légal – al-hijab. 5. Donner au malade et à sa famille une leçon de dogme de façon à ce que leurs cœurs ne soient pas attachés à un autre qu’Allah. 6. Leur faire savoir que la façon de soigner est différente de celle des sorciers et des charlatans et que le Coran recèle guérison et miséricorde, comme l’a informé Allah le Puissant et le Majestueux. 7. Diagnostiquer son cas : pour cela poser des questions au malade pour s’assurer de la présence de tous les symptômes (…) ». Or, dans les témoignages communiqués, l’interlocuteur qui se présente comme soignant ne pose aucune question aux personnes. Il débute ainsi la « roqya » directement par une récitation du Coran. En outre, il est intéressant de souligner que dans l’un des témoignages communiqués à l’UFCM, l’interlocuteur demandait à la personne de remplir successivement des verres de lait, d’huile, d’eau etc. et de les poser par la suite sur la table de la salle à manger. Au point que la personne s’est retrouvée avec une multitude de verres posés sur la table. Le comble est que la personne ignorait ce qu’elle devait en faire lorsqu’elle a pris conscience de la tromperie. Nous constatons par conséquent qu’une « roqya » ne peut être réalisée dans un environnement quelconque. En effet, une procédure de diagnostic est essentielle. Nous pouvons à titre d’exemple faire le parallèle avec un rendez-vous chez le médecin ; ce dernier ne peut vous prescrire une ordonnance sans au préalable vous avoir ausculté et interrogé sur les différents symptômes que vous ressentez physiquement. A défaut, au lieu de guérir vous allez aggraver vos maux. Cette attitude vigilante du médecin traitant doit se retrouver lorsque nous envisageons le recours à une « roqya ». Pour illustrer ce propos, nous citerons l’exemple de l’anthropologue, spécialiste de l’islam européen, Farid El Asri, chercheur associé au Centre Jacques Berque, qui nous rapporte une situation alarmante suite à une « roqya » : « Une jeune femme en Belgique (…) est morte suite à une tentative d’exorcisme. Pendant les séances, les fkihs (imams) utilisent normalement de l’eau « coranisée ». Pour cette jeune femme, prétendument stérile, les exorcistes ont carrément plongé son visage dans l’eau et quand elle tentait d’en sortir pour respirer, les guérisseurs estimaient qu’il s’agissait du jinn qui l’habitait et ils replongeaient son visage dans l’eau. Pendant le procès, la famille de la défunte s’est présentée comme musulmane et a accusé ces pratiques d’être extérieures à l’islam quand les guérisseurs estimaient qu’ils avaient simplement fait ce qu’ils pouvaient. Le fait de recourir trop systématiquement au fkih risque également de faire passer une crise d’épilepsie, par exemple, pour une crise de possession. »[3] Nous allons aborder enfin la dernière problématique, celle relative aux honoraires du soignant. III- Les honoraires du soignant Le Prophète, bénédictions et salut sur lui, « a agréé les Compagnons qui ont été payés pour la roqya ». Il est dès lors autorisé de rémunérer un soignant en contrepartie d’une prestation. Toutefois, cette rémunération doit être raisonnable et surtout clairement définie avant le traitement. En outre, nous ne pouvons que souligner et rappeler que, si la roqya est réalisée dans un cadre sérieux, il convient de procéder à toutes les déclarations administratives. Comme pour tout contrat, vous devez exiger un document écrit et le praticien doit préciser quels sont ses engagements exacts afin d’éviter tout litige postérieur. Malheureusement, tous les témoignages transmis à l’UFCM soulignent que l’interlocuteur insiste à plusieurs reprises sur la gratuité de la prestation. Or, dans les faits, cette dernière est payante puisque le coût de la communication est surtaxé. Ainsi, l’une des victimes qui nous a contacté, s’est retrouvée avec une facture téléphonique (hors forfait) de 1800 euros. Par conséquent, nous constatons que ces « roqyas » gratuites sont fondées sur la technique dite du « call-back » qui consiste à amener une personne à rappeler un numéro surtaxé, information qui lui est bien évidemment dissimulée. Une « roqya » peut être payante à condition de respecter un cadre prédéterminé, fondé sur l’information et la transparence des honoraires. En conclusion A la lumière des développements susvisés, l’UFCM appelle d’une part à une régulation du métier de la pratique de la « roqya », d’autre part, à la vigilance de chacun à ne pas céder à la tentation d’une « roqya » qui ne serait pas réalisée dans les conditions requises et qui pourrait produire des effets inverses. Au-delà du cadre spirituel ou juridique, les divers témoignages reçus et étudiés par l’UFCM ne peuvent pas nous laisser indifférents à la question suivante : pourquoi des personnes sont-elles amenées à accepter aussi facilement une « roqya » par téléphone ? Est-ce la gratuité qui a déterminé leur choix ? Certes le mal-être produit par cette société est de plus en plus grand. Nous vivons une époque où les êtres sont de plus en plus coupés des signes de Dieu et vivent un rythme de vie effréné. Ces affaires sont révélatrices des maux les plus profonds qui touchent la communauté musulmane. Par ailleurs, comme l’ensemble des rites islamiques (hajj, halal, pompes funèbres) censés nous rappeler les limites qui déterminent la voie vers Dieu, nous constatons que leur marchandisation trahit de plus en plus leur vocation première. Suffit-il qu’un interlocuteur se présente à nous comme un « cheikh » ou un imam et qu’il nous propose une « roqya » gratuite pour l’accepter aussitôt Ne devrions-nous pas tous nous interroger sur le fait qu’il y ait des musulmanes et des musulmans aussi isolés et aussi ignorants de leur propre religion pour être trompés aussi facilement ? Sommes-nous devenus si dépendants des Hommes que nous en oublions de nous adresser directement à Dieu pour solutionner nos malaises ? Autant de questions que chacun d’entre nous a la responsabilité de se poser. En effet, aucun de nous ou de nos proches ne sont à l’abri d’une telle tromperie. Il convient enfin de rappeler que la « roqya » est un remède précis et qu’elle ne peut se faire que sous certaines conditions et surtout qu’elle demeure l’exception à la règle, qui est de toujours s’adresser directement à Dieu. Avant de recourir à une « roqya », il convient de faire une introspection sur ses propres pratiques cultuelles et de revenir.

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